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OER and Open Education Around the World

Marieke Guy 

(76 SlideShares) , Project Community Coordinator, LinkedUp at Open Knowledge

Published Jan 26, 2015

Slides from the Leicester OER Schools conference which took place at the Phoenix on Thursday 29 January 2015. 

Leicester City Council will be holding a free day conference focusing on finding, using, creating and sharing Open Educational Resources (OER). 
https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/oer-schools-conference-registration-13959973657 
School leaders, staff and governors from primary, secondary, SEN and specialist schools are invited to attend.

Published in Education

Open Education Europa

The aim of this scoreboard is to highlight the huge potential that European institutions have in the world of OER and to help visualize this potential by compiling the existing European-provided MOOCs available on different open websites.

European MOOCs are those provided by European institutions, regardless of the platform that hosts them. All of the MOOCs accounted for in the scoreboard are also listed in the MOOC aggregator on this website. Please refer to our FAQ for more information about how this scoreboard is built, what are the sources of information and how the visualization works.

The infographic of the European MOOCs Scoreboard can be downloaded here 

Anyone with additional sources or updates is welcome to contribute to the MOOC scoreboard by contacting us.

Higher, open education for India

India is the second biggest market for MOOCs (massive open online courses) in the world, following the US. In time, however, India may surpass the US. After all, India's population is second to China's and India is third in terms of university enrollment worldwide; respectively the US and China are first and second for university enrollment at the moment but this may soon change.

MOOCs represent a huge opportunity for Indians in terms of an open education revolution. It could potentially give millions access and availability to high quality learning if they have Internet connectivity. First, there are more applicants than slots at top Indian universities. Second, millions of Indians live in poverty and are unable to afford or gain access to a higher education.

Dr. Sugata Mitra, however, has shown than even in the slums of India, young Indian children often have tremendous potential for learning with digital technology. He has shown that kids from the slums are often more capable of learning at high levels with digital technology than previously thought or assumed and are essentially diamonds in the rough of an educational forest, so to speak. Third, Internet connectivity is not always available throughout India, which is often a barrier for open education and MOOCs. Even when Internet connectivity is available, bandwidth might be too low or slow for videos to stream.

For these reasons and many others, US-based MOOC providers are enteringpartnerships with Indian colleges or universities or making alternative arrangements to make MOOCs more accessible and available in India. The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), for example, is the first college in India to join not-for-profit edX and to offer MOOCs. The partnership was created to fill a specific need in India: training engineering teachers. The partnership will extend an open engineering education to a global audience, though the US and India are the largest populations of edX learners worldwide and will be the primary recipients of the partnership of an open engineering education.

Coursera and Udacity (both for-profit ventures) have also been making arrangements to make MOOCs more accessible and available in India. Coursera is working on a mobile application so students from poorer backgrounds can access MOOCs on Akash tablets. It is also offering a course on web intelligence and big data with the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi). Perhaps not surprisingly, since Coursera currently produces the largest number of MOOCs worldwide, they have seen a huge increase in Indian student enrollment as well.

Udacity, too, has seen Indian enrollment increase over the past year. In May, Udacity teamed with Georgia Tech and AT&T to offer the first online massive open online master's degree program in computer science for less than $7000 in tuition. The program is specifically targeted to India and the Middle East. The deal is seen as revolutionary within higher education circles and many administrators are eagerly awaiting the results.

All this news may beg the question: Why are MOOCs being hailed in India and why such a big push there? One answer is that India has long been known as a source for information technology. However, the country has only produced a fraction of the potential IT specialists due to the lack of access to higher education in India. With digital technology, MOOCs could possibly help to bridge this gap as well as the gap between industry and academia. Time will tell whether MOOCs will be able to achieve these goals. Nevertheless, MOOCs have been tested to a degree and would be a huge investment in India's higher education as well as contribute to one of the biggest open education revolutions in the world right now.

See also